Sunday, June 8, 2008

Do you Love Vintage Chenille ?

I absolutely Love Vintage Chenille. I guess that is why I enjoy creating my One of a Kind items with it. It is not easy to work with, mind you. It seems to have a life of it's own and sometimes it is a real challenge to keep the shape or the size that I start out with. LOL Eventually I overcome these challenges and turn out what I hope is another quality item that someone will enjoy.

I want everyone to know that I only use vintage chenille bedspreads that are on their last legs and beyond repair. This is the case for all the vintage linens I use in my creations. With that said, some of my creations may have some small flaws, like a few missing tufts in the chenille and such but I think that just adds to it's charm.

Here is a bit of History about Chenille Bedspreads:

Chenille Bedspreads

Catherine Evans (later Catherine Evans Whitener) revived the handcraft technique of tufting in the 1890s.
Tufted bedspreads, which proved popular not only locally but also regionally and nationally, consisted of cotton sheeting to which Evans and (later) others would apply designs with raised "tufts" of thick yarn. These tufted bedspreads were often referred to as chenille products. Chenille, the French word for "caterpillar," is generally used to describe fabrics that have a thick pile (raised yarn ends) protruding all around at right angles. Most tufted bedspreads did not meet the strict definition of chenille, yet the term stuck.

The handcraft of tufting played an important role in the economic development of northwest Georgia. Catherine Evans Whitener Evans and others who learned the technique stamped familiar patterns onto blank sheets, then filled the patterns with yarn. As the products grew in popularity, merchants in the Dalton region took an interest in marketing the spreads. By the 1920s tufted bedspreads appeared on the shelves of department stores in Atlanta, New York, Philadelphia, and other major cities.

Merchants organized a vast "putting out" system to fill the growing demand. They established "spread houses," usually small warehouses (or homes) where patterns were stamped onto sheets. Men called haulers would then deliver the stamped sheets and yarn to thousands of rural homes in north Georgia, Tennessee, and the Carolinas. Families then sewed in the patterns. The hauler would make another round of visits to pick up the spreads, pay the tufters (or "turfers," as they sometimes called themselves), and return the products to the spread houses for finishing. Finishing involved washing the spreads in hot water to shrink them and lock in the yarn tufts. The tufted spreads could also be dyed in a variety of colors.

By the 1930s clotheslines bearing chenille bedspreads lined U.S. Highway 41 through Dalton and other small communities in Chenille Bedspreads northwest Georgia. Tourists on their way to Florida often stopped and bought these spreads, sometimes believing them to be examples of authentic American folk crafts. Of the many designs adorning the spreads, the most popular among tourists was the peacock. This section of Highway 41 became known as "Peacock Alley" precisely because of the dominance of that design in the roadside displays. The participation of farm families in this industry provided badly needed cash incomes and helped these families weather the Great Depression. It also produced fortunes for some. Dalton's B. J. Bandy (aided by his wife, Dicksie Bradley Bandy) was reputedly the first man to make $1 million in the bedspread business by the late 1930s, but many others followed.

In the 1930s such companies as Cabin Crafts began to bring the handwork from the farms into factories. The bedspread manufacturers sought greater productivity and control over the work process and were also encouraged to pursue centralized production by the wage and hour provisions of the National Recovery Administration's tufted bedspread code. These new firms also began mechanizing the industry by adapting sewing machines to the task of inserting raised yarn tufts.

The industrialization of tufting raised productivity and created a booming local textile industry centered in Dalton. The remarkable success of tufted bedspreads led companies to experiment with other products, such as robes, tank sets (fuzzy covers for toilets), and small rugs. The experimentation with small rugs eventually led some of these companies to begin using the machine tufting process to cover an entire piece of room-sized (nine feet by twelve feet or so) backing material with raised yarn tufts to produce carpets. In the 1950s carpets surpassed bedspreads and other tufted products and became a staple of American consumption. Dalton remains the tufted bedspread capital of the world, but it also became the carpet capital of the world by the early 1960s.

Exhibits related to the old bedspread industry can be found at Crown Gardens and Archives in Dalton. Crown houses a number of bedspreads from the period, as well as other exhibits related to the history of the Dalton area.

I found this History of Chenille Bedspreads at http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-1016

Amazing how these bedspreads played a big part in the carpeting industry.!

It is my hope that by recycling the unwanted damaged vintage chenille bedspreads and creating items that are both pretty to look at and useful, that I will be in a small way, preserving a little bit of our History.

Please check both my Etsy Shop and my Ebay shop for my One of a Kind vintage chenille bedspread creations !

11 comments:

Waterrose said...

Thanks for the information. I also make things from vintage chenille...and also only use pieces that are beyond use for anything else.

Carriers*Cozy*Cottage said...

Hi waterrose. I would love to see your creations !

Vanessa said...

That is pretty interesting about chenille. I have some that I am too whimpy to cut up to make anything else out of, but it isnt being used as a bedspread, it just sits there on the shelf. *sigh*. I would love to see it made into something useful and beautiful!

Carriers*Cozy*Cottage said...

LOL Vanessa..what color is it and what would you want made with it?

Nodin's Nest said...

I had a yellow chenille bedspread as a little girl and I loved it!

Lori said...

I love your chenille towels. I used to have a chenille blanket & I let my son use it as a baby - he loved that blanket so much & honestly, still loves it. Of course, since he's 9 yrs old, he wouldn't want anyone see him with the shredded piece that's left of it. :-)

Carriers*Cozy*Cottage said...

Lori..that is sweet. I wonder if your son would be cool if he had a cowboy chenille blanket? LOL

Keep watching my shops..I will be listing one soon.

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lexismonkie said...

thank you for the link and article!

Amber said...

I am looking for a tufted chenille twin bedspread designed with a cowboy / cowgirl on a horse. One for a little girl and one for a little boy. I saw one in a local Ft Worth, TX store, but it only came in a blanket size and the store will not release any information to me nor will they inquire about ordering one in a bed sized blanket.
Do you know of anywhere I can have one special ordered or who carries something like this is stock?

Carriers Cozy Cottage said...

Hello Amber, I sold a cowboy one a few years ago.

I think most of them are only in twin size. Which is great for a childs bed.

You might try Ebay...good luck !